The ABCDEs to Detect Skin Cancer
If you are concerned about any moles, freckles, or spots, use the ABCDEs to help you identify any warning signs. The ABCDEs stand for:
Melanomas are asymmetrical most of the time. The common mole is typically round, oval, and symmetrical, while an asymmetrical mole/spot may be reason to visit your dermatologist.
Pay attention to uneven or scalloped borders on a mole or spot, this is an indication of a melanoma. A common mole has even and smooth edges.
Another warning sign for melanoma is multiple colors. Melanoma often has a variety of brown, tan, or black colors. It may even have red, white, or blue colors as it gets larger. A common mole is typically one shade of brown. If you notice a mole that is darker than the others this is another indication of melanoma. However, an exceedingly rare and colorless amelanotic melanoma may appear.
If a spot is the diameter of a pencil eraser (about ¼ inch in diameter) or larger, you should see a dermatologist as this is also a melanoma warning sign.
If you notice your spot is quickly evolving in size, shape, or color and if the spot begins to bleed, itch, or crust these are warning signs of melanoma.